Quercus Alba

White Oak

An impressive tree that is beautiful all year long.


  • Zones: 5, 6, 7, 8
  • Spread (Min): 50
  • Spread (Max): 80
  • Height (Min): 50
  • Height (Max): 80
  • Sun: Full Sun
  • Tolerates: Moderate Drought Tolerance
  • Soil Conditions: Average to Dry


Due to their expansive size and variation in texture and color as the seasons change, the White Oak is an impressive addition to any property. The White Oak will keep you interested all year long as you watch it transform throughout the seasons. In spring, its delicate silvery down and young leaves take over its branches. Soon after in the summer, it develops into firm greens and then beautiful eruptions of color in the fall.

The White Oak has a lifespan of 500 to 600 in a non-cultivated environment and a hugely impressive 300 years in cultivation, so the decision to have one planted will bring enjoyment and life for generations to come.

  • Long life span
  • Rich source of food and shelter for wildlife
  • Hardy in cold and warm regions
  • Bright eaves of reds and purples in the fall
  • Drought resistant and free of pests

Appearance: The White Oak is a deciduous tree that goes through many beautiful changes throughout the year. Starting in spring, the new buds are covered in a soft silvery white down. These young and unfurled leaves are reddish in color. Soon after, the young leaves turn to a bright yellow-green shiny hue and then catkins appear with both male and female on the same tree.

Planting Location: Be aware of the expansive network of roots that will begin to spread just inches above the surface as the beautiful oak grows. These roots that hold down the strong oak will surround the sizable trunk and their strength will easily push through sidewalks and driveways with little thought. White Oaks flourish in full sunlight so make sure to plant in full sun in order to see it grow to its fullest potential.

Hardiness: The White Oak is about as hardy as they come. This strong tree is drought resistant and free of pests. It survives and later flourishes in both cold and warm regions.

Uses on Property: White Oaks offer a softening of a traditionally urban environment as well as providing food sources and shelter to animals that rely on them. White Oaks are practically the hallmark of a tree that creates the perfect shade for a picnic.

The White Oak is native to the eastern coast of North America but is now found across all states with only a few exceptions. In an uncultivated environment they tend to grow to 100 feet tall and the same wide. In a cultivated environment they are more likely to reach 80 feet tall and the same wide. These astonishing trees add a texture and magnificence that cannot be mimicked otherwise. Additionally, they serve an important role in providing much needed food sources and protection for the animals that rely on them.

  • Plant Hardiness Zones: 3 – 9
  • Mature Width: 50 – 80
  • Mature Height: 50 – 80
  • Soil Conditions: Average to Dry
  • Sunlight: Full Sun
  • Drought Tolerance: Good

The Quercus alba inherited the name “White Oak” because when its newly cut wood appears light in color and is nearly white. The White Oak tree is one of the most important trees in the timber industry because of its notable water-resistant properties. Its presence is not easily replicated which has earned its place as the state tree of Connecticut, Illinois and Maryland.